Understanding the higher risk of pregnancy – Not all pregnancies can be classified as a normal pregnancy. Some pregnancies require some supervision and counseling of a special nature. According to our Health and Beauty’s dictionary, if in the early of pregnancy, the expectant mothers never did their prenatal care, such as they never meet their doctor or midwife, so the physician is not able to make the early detection of the abnormalities or complications of their pregnancies, that is possibly arising during the pregnancy phase.
By better understanding the higher risk of pregnancy and abnormalities that are both in the mother and fetus will have a good impact on the course of pregnancy and childbirth. Besides, awareness of women’s health in the event of pregnancy should actually grow among women and pregnant women. This should always be done because it is also for the quality and safety of her soul and her unborn baby.
That is why, for additional insight necessary for pregnant women to determine whether mothers classified as high risk or not. Mothers who are included in the high risk pregnancy can divided into:
1. Pregnant women with age less than 20 years.
2. Pregnant with age more than 35 years
3. Mother with a height of less than 145cm
4. Mother weighing less than 45 kg
5. Mothers with the distance of children age and their last the pregnancy is less than 2 years
6. Mother with the number of children of more than 4
The following will explain why the things above are at high risk for pregnant women:
1. Maternal age less than 20 years
For pregnant women with age less than 20 years, they do not mean to include the abnormal mothers, but they have classified as high-risk mothers. Pregnant in adolescence would have a major impact for the future mother. Adolescent reproductive organs immature to accept the pregnancy.
Meanwhile, from the perspective of a psychological readiness to live householder, this condition will also be influential for young mothers. Actually, it is possible for this type mother to give birth normally, but for mother’s own pregnancy should be under surveillance, perhaps on the tight surveillance.
Why do they need this kind of surveillance? Because they have the possibility of risk experienced postpartum hemorrhage, pre-eclampsia until the occurrence of eclampsia, infants are at risk of congenital defects. The other risks that also have to be paid their attention, namely likely to be experienced is the occurrence of cervical cancer wherein the predisposing factor is the first sexual contact at a young age.
2. Pregnant by age above 35 years
Some women who pregnant over the age of 35 years. It should be understood that the elder woman have the quality of the eggs that their produced are also declining, so the risk of having a baby with abnormalities/defects that occurred become very large. In addition, there are several other risks that may be posed, such as a twin pregnancy, gestational diabetes, up to babies born has a big weight gain, high blood pressure, the risk of babies born with chromosomal abnormalities (Down syndrome) and the greater the risk of miscarriage in early pregnancy.
3. Maternal height less than 145 cm
A person’s height affects the shape of the pelvis of a person. Height of less than 145 cm at risk of the narrow pelvic. The pelvis is the birth canal for the baby. Babies can be born with smooth roads when there are no obstacles in its path. If the road to the narrow birth and it is not according to the size of the baby, it can be sure that a baby cannot be born normally. However, not all pregnant women with a height of less than 145 cm are required for cesarean section. All depends on the suitability between the shape of the pelvis with a big of a baby.
4. The mother’s weight less than 45 kg
The commencement of the pregnancy the mother that has a weight of less than 45kg, she should have to take action to improve the maternal weight by eating nutritious foods and increasing her eating frequency. Low body weight (<45 kg) will greatly affect the intake of nutrients to the fetus. In addition, placental function may also experience decreased it, as a result of inadequate nutrition transport. According to our Health and Beauty’s dictionary, other risks that may be posed by an expectant mother that has a weight less than 45 kg is a baby with low birth weight (LBW).
5. The distance of the last child with pregnancy being undertaken now, less than 2 years
Reproductive organs need time to be able to function perfectly. The time required for this recovery period of at least 2 years. Some studies suggest that the risk to give birth with a distance of less than 2 years it was a high risk. Mother has 3 times greater risk of having a baby with developmental disorders. In the study conducted by Dr. Keely Cheslack Postava of Columbia University states that mothers with pregnancies too close distance will increase the risk of babies born with autism.
6. Mother who has the number of children of more than 4
The number of children who are too much, of course, it will be related to the reproductive system of the mother. Many complications that can be caused by the frequency of childbirth. Complications can occur either during pregnancy or during labor. Complications during pregnancy i.e. antepartum hemorrhage, the release of all or part of the placenta that can cause fetal death, the closing of the birth canal by the placenta, so that it needs the examination and necessary handling of your obstetrician.
Thus, the glimpse described on high risk pregnancy that is very warranted concern both the mother and her husband. There is great expectation for mothers and her babies living healthy and ultimately survived, and the mothers gave birth to her baby with the best quality in healthy babies and birth of babies, as well as their mothers and women’s health too. Hopefully this article plays role as useful information for mothers who are pregnant so that they can be understanding the higher risk of pregnancy.