Diabetes in pregnancy, is it dangerous? – Diabetes is a syndrome occurrence of elevated levels of sugar (hyperglycemia) due to a decrease in the effectiveness of the hormone insulin. Diabetes can be diagnosed before pregnancy or occur after pregnancy. Diabetes that occurs before pregnancy is called the overt diabetes, while diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy is called the gestational diabetes.
Our discussion this time is about diabetes that occurs when pregnancy or the gestational diabetes or diabetes in pregnancy, is it dangerous? This syndrome occurs due to carbohydrate intolerance. This intolerance severity varies and is detected at the commencement of the pregnancy. Diabetics often accompanied by symptoms of frequent eating, frequent urination, and the weight loss for no apparent reason.
In pregnancy occurs a change from the hormones mechanism and metabolism system that is physiological (normal). However, in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus occurs a state where the function of insulin is not optimal, either on its kinetics change and resistance to the effects of insulin. This led to an imbalance in maternal plasma energy sources, where high maternal blood sugar and insulin levels to rise. The imbalance that occurs in women also has an impact on the fetus.
According to our Health and Beauty’s dictionary, complications can be experienced by infants caused by the circulation of the fetus with the composition of the sources of energy that comes from the mother and diffuses through the placental membrane becomes abnormal. So that is what causes the complications arising in the mother and fetus. Diabetes mellitus can be experienced by the mother because the pregnancy process and can be experienced by a mother who suffering from diabetes mellitus type 1 or 2, which can be detected during pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes mellitus is an increase in blood sugar levels and will be back to normal after delivery. Diabetes mellitus is experienced during pregnancy occurs due caused by the body’s metabolism is disrupted. Disturbed metabolism is one of them can lead to insulin resistance when the beta cells found in the pancreas is not able to compensate for changes in the metabolic system and will lead to the occurrence of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes contracted during pregnancy, it will gradually disappear when the mother had given birth and the system returns to normal metabolism.
Unlike the case with the mother who had been suffering from diabetes mellitus before pregnancy and detected the first time during pregnancy, then, diabetes, which affects is not including gestational diabetes, because diabetes affects the mother will be settled or not disappear after delivery.
Hopefully this short article is useful for all of us, and we can draw the benefits of diabetes in pregnancy, is it dangerous?