9 Causes of preterm birth that you must know – Every mother in the world would crave healthy pregnancy by consuming healthy food for pregnant women, until the time of giving birth arrives. A normal pregnancy actually lasts 40 weeks, starting from the first day of the last menstrual period. Meanwhile, labor pain, namely uterine contractions and cervical dilation or opening, before the 37th week of pregnancy are called premature labor. So babies born before 37 weeks are called premature babies.
Our Health and Beauty’s dictionary also notes, that preterm labor can happen because it is influenced by many factors, which actually damage the health of childbirth itself. Therefore, you must be introspective and to be vigilant against the causes of the preterm labor. So, you should know about 9 causes of preterm birth that you must know, that can contribute to preterm labor, among others:
1. The caffeinated drinks
The caffeine contained in coffee, energy drinks and soft drinks are not good for your baby. Excessive caffeine consumption can increase the risk of miscarriage. If there is more caffeine in the body of a pregnant woman, especially in the first trimester, it can cause miscarriage or premature labor.
When stressed, the body release of the hormone cortisol and other stress hormones. Hormones that can hamper the transfer of nutrients and healthy food for pregnant women to their fetus through the placenta, resulting in low birth weight, decreased fetal growth and also cause premature labor.
3. The excessive exercise
Moderate exercise during pregnancy is very important. It also may reduce the risk of diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes). However, do strenuous exercise during pregnancy can lead to premature labor or even miscarriage.
4. The age of women during pregnancy
Women who are pregnant at the age younger than 17 and older than 35 years have a greater risk of premature delivery and miscarriage. Therefore, young girls have a uterus that is not yet fully developed, whereas in women older than 35 years had a poor egg quality. It also means that pregnant at an early age or under age are particularly at risk, not only for the fetus, but also has a bigger risk in pregnant women.
Smoking during pregnancy can harm the fetus. There are many chemicals contained in cigarettes that enter the body through the lungs. And the most damaging among them is nicotine and carbon monoxide. Nicotine can narrow the blood vessels in the body, so that the supply of oxygen to the baby will decrease drastically. Carbon monoxide also contributes to a decrease in oxygen supply to the baby. As a result, women who smoke cigarettes may experience premature labor or miscarriage.
6. Alcohol Consumption
Alcohol can be through a layer of the placenta and into the fetal blood circulation. Because the baby’s liver still vulnerable and it cannot remove toxins, alcohol consumption during pregnancy can lead to premature labor or even miscarriage.
7. Short pregnancy intervals
You get pregnant again while your previous labor has age of less than 18 months. These conditions can increase the risk of premature birth. You are advised to wait at least two years to get pregnant again.
Excessive weight gain can increase the risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia) and the risk of developing gestational diabetes. The condition can lead to premature delivery. That is why you should control your lifestyle and your diet by consuming healthy food for pregnant women.
9. The oral infections
Studies have shown that oral infection, tooth decay, gingivitis and mouth can cause the release of certain hormones in the body that cause premature labor. So should you visit the dentist before planning a pregnancy.
Those are some things that contribute to premature labor or miscarriage. In addition, do not get too tired, because it also can trigger preterm labor, of course, you also need to pay attention to really 9 causes of preterm birth that you must know.
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